The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially the XXI Olympic Winter Games or the 21st Winter Olympics, were a major international multi-sport event held on February 12–28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Approximately 2,600 athletes from 82 nations participated in 86 events in fifteen disciplines.
Both the Olympic and Paralympic Games were being organized by the Vancouver Organizing Committee (VANOC). The 2010 Winter Olympics were the third Olympics hosted by Canada, and the first by the province of British Columbia. Previously, Canada was host to the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Alberta.
Following Olympic tradition, then Vancouver mayor Sam Sullivan received the Olympic flag during the closing ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. The flag was raised on February 28, 2006, in a special ceremony, and was on display at Vancouver City Hall until the Olympic opening ceremony. The event was officially opened by Governor General Michaelle Jean.
For the first time, Canada won gold at an Olympic Games hosted in Canada, having failed to do so at both the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary.
Canada clinched first overall in gold medal wins on the second to last day of competition and became the first host nation since Norway in 1952 to lead the gold medal count. With 14, Canada broke the record for the most gold medals won at a single Winter Olympics, which was 13, set by the former Soviet Union in 1976 and Norway in 2002. The United States won the most medals in total, their second time doing so at the Winter Olympics, and broke the record for the most medals won at a single Winter Olympics, with 37.
Слова и выражения к тексту
Vancouver [vxn'kHvq] - г. Ванкувер
participate [pR'tisipeIt] - участвовать ( in ), принимать участие
discipline ['disiplJn] - дисциплина
committee [kq'miti] - комитет; комиссия
be host to - принимать у себя
* host - принимающая сторона (на спортивных состязаниях, переговорах);
принимать гостей, выступать в роли хозяина, принимающей стороны
* host country — страна-устроительница
* host team — (спорт) хозяева поля
then - тогдашний, существовавший в то время
* the then existing system — существовавшая тогда система
* the then ruler — тогдашний правитель
the closing ceremony ['klqVziN 'serimqni] - церемония закрытия
the Olympic opening ceremony - церемония открытия Олимпиады
raise [reiz] - поднимать (флаг)
be on display - выставляться; демонстрироваться
for the first time -впервые
win (won, won) - победить, выиграть
having failed to do so - не удавалось сделать это
clinch - клинч, захват (в боксе)
clinched first overall in gold medal wins - удерживала первое место в общем зачете по золотым медалям
the former Soviet Union - бывший Советский Союз